September 2, 2022, 12:45–13:45
Room Auditorium 4
The frontier of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is constantly moving, raising fears and concerns whenever AI is deployed in a new occupation (doctor, judge, manager, care worker, religious worker, journalist, etc.). Here we propose a general psychological model, predicting that fear about a given occupation in a given culture results from the local mismatch between the psychological traits deemed as necessary for this occupation, and the perceived potential of AI to possess these psychological traits. We tested and validated this pre-registered prediction for six occupations, on representative samples of 500 participants from each of 20 countries (total N = 10,000). Beyond their descriptive and theoretical value, our findings may help develop best practices for communicating about AI in a principled yet culturally sensitive way, avoiding one-size-fits-all approaches centered on Western values and perceptions.
Jean-François Bonnefon ( Toulouse School of Economics; IAST), “A unified psychological model predicts variations in fears about Artificial Intelligence across 20 countries and 6 domains of application”, IAST Lunch Seminar, Toulouse: IAST, September 2, 2022, 12:45–13:45, room Auditorium 4.