November 9, 2021, 12:45–13:45
Room Auditorium 4
Mexican working mothers dedicate on average eighteen hours more to weekly paid and unpaid work than fathers. This paper examines the role gender norms play in determining this work time disparity. To do so, I extend a collective labor supply model with household production to include gender norms and estimate it using Mexican survey data from 2002, 2005, and 2009. The model predictions are able to replicate the changes in total work time disparity through time. I find that more egalitarian gender norms reduce the total work time disparity between spouses and their impact is comparable to those of wages. For example, a 16 percentage points increase in a gender norm index between 2002 to 2005 caused a 2.6-hour decrease in total work time disparity mainly through an increase in women's bargaining power. Obtaining the same 2.6-hour reduction would require women's wages to increase by 11% from the 2005 levels. About the speaker: Paloma Carrillo is a Ph.D. student at Toulouse School of Economics. Her research interests include inequalities within households, gender disparities, and policy evaluation with a regional focus on Latin America.