A shared "optimal-level of arousal": Seeking basis for creativity and curiosity

Erik Gustafsson, Paula Ibáñez de Aldecoa, and Emily Burdett


We argue that the phases identified in the novelty-seeking model can be clarified by considering an updated version of the optimal-level of arousal model, which incorporates the "arousal" and "mood changing" potentials of stimuli and contexts. Such a model provides valuable insights into what determines one's state of mind, inter-individual differences, and the rewarding effects of curiosity and creativity.

Published in

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 47, n. e100, May 2024