The third Lecture held on December 4, 2014 from 18:00 to 20:00, at the University Toulouse 1 Capitole, Amphitheater CUJAS, Anciennes Facultés, 2 rue des Puits-Creusés. [Invitation]
Elisabeth Wood, political scientist from Yale University, talked on
"Political violence: ideology, institutions, and individual motivations"
We are proud to announce professor Elisabeth Wood for our third distinguished lecture in 2014. Elisabeth Jean Wood is Professor of Political Science, International and Area Studies at Yale University and a member of the External Faculty of the Santa Fe Institute. She is currently writing two books, one on sexual violence during war, drawing on field research in several countries, and a second on political violence in Colombia (with Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín).
She is the author of Forging Democracy from Below: Insurgent Transitions in South Africa and El Salvador and Insurgent Collective Action and Civil War in El Salvador, and co-editor with Morten Bergsmo and Alf B. Skre of Understanding and Proving International Sex Crimes and with Ian Shapiro, Susan C. Stokes, and Alexander S. Kirshner of Political Representation.
Among her recent articles and book chapters are "Ideology in Civil War: Beyond Instrumental Adaptation" (with Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín), “Multiple Perpetrator Rape during War,” “Transnational Dynamics of Civil War,” “Rape during War Is Not Inevitable: Variation in Wartime Sexual Violence,” “Armed groups and sexual violence: when is wartime rape rare?” “Sexual Violence during War: Variation and Accountability,” and “The Social Processes of Civil War: The Wartime Transformation of Social Networks.”
Elisabeth was named a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2010. At Yale she teaches courses on comparative politics, political violence, collective action, and qualitative research methods. She received the Graduate Mentor Award for the Social Sciences in May 2013.
For more information, see http://elisabethwood.commons.yale.edu/
Abstract of the lecture: Why do people participate in political violence as members of insurgencies, paramilitary organizations, and state armies, particularly violence that targets civilians? And why do these organizations differ sharply in the violence they inflict on civilians? Individuals join an armed group for a wide variety of reasons, posing a challenge to the group, which must forge an organization with at least some level of cohesion and discipline. The group must both promote and yet also constrain violence. How can we best account for variation in patterns of violence against civilians, particularly in civil conflicts? Ideology is a necessary part of any answer to these questions.