Fast and slow thinking: Electrophysiological evidence for early conflict sensitivity.

Bence Bago, Darren Frey, Julie Vidal, Olivier Houdé, Grégoire Borst et Wim De Neys


Popular dual process models have characterized reasoning as an interplay between fast, intuitive (System 1) and slow, deliberate (System 2) processes, but the precise nature of the interaction between the two systems is much debated. Here we relied on the temporal resolution of electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings to decide between different models. We adopted base-rate problems in which an intuitively cued stereotypical response was either congruent or incongruent with the correct response that was cued by the base-rates. Results showed that solving problems in which the base-rates and stereotypical description cued conflicting responses resulted in an increased centro-parietal N2 and frontal P3. This early conflict sensitivity suggests that the critical base-rates can be processed fast without slow and deliberate System 2 reflection. Findings validate prior EEG work and support recent hybrid dual process models in which the fast System 1 is processing both heuristic belief-based responses (e.g., stereotypes) and elementary logico-mathematical principles (e.g., base-rates).


moral thinking: cultural differences: trolley problem: doctrine of double effect: personal force: WEIRD samples: non-WEIRD samples: replication: decision-making;

Publié dans

Neuropsychologia, vol. 117, 2018, p. 483–490